The land surveyor’s role in development is critically important in answering these questions.
The land surveying profession goes back thousands of years and today covers a multitude of disciplines from hydrographic surveys both above and below bodies of water to high altitude aerial surveys, from the small neighborhood lot survey to establishing the Global Positioning System (GPS) for navigating around the world as well as guiding our cell phone directional apps.
With construction and development now making a comeback after this past recession, one area of land surveying coming back is Construction Staking Services for new residential tracts of homes, high rise buildings, schools, landfills, industrial parks and shopping centers. During site development, the land surveyor plays a critical role. The land surveyor takes the engineer’s/architect’s design shown on their plans and places (stakes) their correct location on the ground so the construction sub-contractors can place the buildings, roads, fences, electrical and other underground utilities, etc. in their correct location. If not for the surveyor, there would be no telling exactly where that building should be built or how far or deep that tunnel should be dug!
The following is an example of the typical involvement of the land surveyor and how he would interact with a civil engineer and/or architect as it relates to the design and construction of a residential housing tract, shopping center or industrial park.
Engineering Design Survey
The beginning of a new constructible project typically begins with an Engineering Design Survey. This survey is typically requested by the civil engineer in charge of designing a new project. During the design survey, the Professional Land Surveyor works closely with the civil engineer to gather the “as-built” existing site conditions in and around the proposed project. It is the surveyor’s responsibility to be the engineer’s “eyes” while performing this survey to gather all of the controlling elements for his design. Some of those controlling elements or features will be ascertaining . . .